英语四级 - 英语四级答案、真题试卷、大学英语四级听力

2017年12月四级大纲新增词汇(七)

发布:admin11-07分类英语四级词汇

241. refreshment [rɪ'freʃmənt]

n.①(pl.)茶点,点心和饮料 ②恢复精力

✎ 示例:

Having not yet lunched, we went to the refreshment bar for ham sandwiches.我们都没吃午饭,于是便去小吃店买了火腿三明治。

242. renovate ['renəveɪt]

vt.修复,整修

✎ 示例:

The school master has accepted proposals to renovate the old schoolhouses.校长已经接受了翻新旧校舍的提议。

243. repay [rɪ'peɪ]

vt.①归还 ②偿还

✎ 示例:

I can never repay you for your kindness.我永远也无法报答你的好意。

244. reside [rɪ'zaɪd]

vi.居住

✎ 示例:

The true face of Lushan is lost to my sight, for it is right in this mountain that I reside.不识庐山真面目,只缘身在此山中。

245. ridicule [rɪdɪkjuːl]

vt./n.嘲笑,奚落

✎ 示例:

I admired her all the more for allowing them to ridicule her and never striking back.她能听任他们嘲笑却从不还击,这让我更加敬佩她。

246. romance [rəʊ'mæns]

n.①恋爱(关系) ②浪漫气氛

✎ 示例:

We want to recreate the romance and excitement that used to be part of rail journeys.我们想再度营造以前坐火车旅行的浪漫和兴奋。

247. runway [ˈrʌnweɪ]

n.①飞机跑道 ②T型台

✎ 示例:

As the aeroplane went down the runway the wing touched a pile of rubble.飞机降落沿跑道滑行的时候机翼擦到了一堆碎石。

248. scent [sent]

n.①香味 ②香水

✎ 示例:

I like the sweet scent of ripe fruit.我喜欢成熟水果那种甜甜的香味。

249. setback [ˈsetbæk]

n.挫折,阻碍

✎ 示例:

Our business had a nasty setback.我们的业务遇到极大的挫折。

250. shit [ʃɪt]

n.①讨厌的家伙 ②粪便 ③(sing.)拉屎 ④废话int.(表示恼怒)胡说!

✎ 示例:

You're in a world of shit! 你的麻烦大了!

251. shrimp [ʃrɪmp]

n.①小虾 ②矮小的人

✎ 示例:

They drifted on the lake, fishing and catching shrimp to get by. 他们漂泊湖上,以打鱼捕虾为生。

252. situate [ˈsɪtʃueɪt]

vt.①使坐落于 ②将……置于

✎ 示例:

The village is situated in a valley. 这个村子处于一山谷中。

253. skyline ['skaɪlaɪn]

n.(建筑物、树、山等在天空映衬下的)轮廓线

✎ 示例:

Chicago city has the most beautiful skyline in the world.芝加哥有世界上最美丽的城市天际线。

254. snack [snæk]

n.(正餐以外的)快餐,小吃,点心

✎ 示例:

Today, chocolate can be a hot drink, a frozen dessert, or just a snack. 今天,巧克力可以是一种热饮,一种冰冻的饭后甜点,或者就只是一种小吃。

255. soar [sɔː]

vi.①猛增,剧增 ②高飞,升腾 ③高耸,屹立 ④(情绪、期望等)高涨

✎ 示例:

If the birds have not flown for three years, they will soar into the clouds. If they have not sung for three years, their songs will take everyone by surprise. 三年不蜚,蜚将冲天;三年不鸣,鸣将惊人。

256. sparkle ['spɑːkl]

vi.①闪耀,发光 ②(眼睛)发亮

✎ 示例:

She sparkled as a performer.她作为一名演员才华出众。

257. staircase ['steəkeɪs]

n.楼梯

258. staple [ 'steɪpl]

n.①订书钉 ②主食

✎ 示例:

The Chinese also eat a type of pasta as part of their staple diet.中国人也把一种面食作为他们的主食之一。

259. statute ['stætʃuːt]

n.法规,法令,条例

✎ 示例:

The new statute covers the care for, bringing up and protection of children.新法令涵盖了儿童保育、养育和保护的相关内容。

260. stool [stuːl]

n.①凳子 ②大便,粪便

✎ 示例:

The stool had a torn, red plastic seat. 那个凳子的红色塑料座面已经破旧不堪。

261. strive [straɪv]

vi.(for,against)努力,奋斗

✎ 示例:

As far as quality is concerned, we must not make do with what we have, but must constantly strive for excellence.在质量方面,不能将就,要精益求精。

262. surname ['sɜːneɪm]

n.姓

✎ 示例:

The majority of British women adopt their husband's surname when they marry. 大多数英国女性结婚后随夫姓。

263. swipe [swaɪp]

v.①挥拳打 ②偷窃 ③刷(磁卡)  n.①重击,猛打 ②抨击,谴责

✎ 示例:

There's something wrong with the swipe machine, so you would better pay with cash. 刷卡机出了点问题,您最好付现金。

264. takeoff [ 'teɪkɒf]

n.(飞机或火箭)起飞,升空

✎ 示例:

The jet crashed soon after takeoff, killing all the passengers and crew.那架喷气式飞机起飞后不久就坠毁了,所有乘客和机组人员无一生还。

265. tangible [ 'tændʒəbl]

a.①确实的 ②可触知的,有形的

✎ 示例:

The plan brought few tangible benefits to the students.这个计划没有给学生带来多少实际好处。

266. telecommunications ['telɪkəmjuːnɪ 'keɪtʃnz]

n.(pl.)电信,电讯[△简写为telecoms]

✎ 示例:

The television screens of the next century will be linked up to an emerging world telecommunications grid. 下个世纪的电视屏幕将会接入到正在形成的全球电信网络中。

267. tenant [ 'tenənt]

n.房客,租户

✎ 示例:

The desk was left by the previous tenant.这张桌子是前任房客留下的。

268. terrific [tə'rɪfɪk]

a.①极好的 ②极其巨大的

✎ 示例:

There's a terrific restaurant in South Street.南大街新开了一家饭馆,好极了。 

269. thanksgiving [ 'θæŋksɡɪvɪŋ]

n.①感恩节 ②感恩

✎ 示例:

Thanksgiving is a movable holiday.感恩节的日期每年不同。

270. thesis [ 'θiːsɪs]

n.①论文 ②论点 ③(文章的)主题

✎ 示例:

He was awarded his PhD for a thesis on industrial robots. 他凭一篇研究工业机器人的论文获得博士学位。

271. transcript ['trænskrɪpt]

n.①抄本 ②学生成绩报告单

✎ 示例:

Have a copy of your high school transcript and resume at hand. 准备一份你高中的成绩报告单和个人履历。

272. transit  ['trænsɪt]

n.载运,运输

✎ 示例:

During their talks, the two presidents discussed the transit of goods between the two countries. 会谈中,两位总统讨论了两国间货物运输的问题。

 

273. trigger ['trɪɡə]

vt.①引起,激发 ②开动 n.①(枪的)扳机

✎ 示例:

Even a problem as simple as a bad back often has an underlying triggering factor.甚至像背疼这样的小问题都常常有潜在的诱发因素。

274. triple [trɪpl]

a.①三部分的 ②三倍的 vt.使增至三倍

✎ 示例:

I got a fantastic new job and my salary tripled.我得到了一份非常好的新工作,薪水涨到了原来的3倍。

275. trolley [ˈtrɒli]

n.①手推车,小车 ②(AmE)有轨电车

✎ 示例:

A porter relieved her of the three large cases she had been pushing on a trolley. 搬运工帮她卸下了她一直用手推车推着的3个大箱子。

276. tuition [tju'ɪʃn]

n.①学费 ②教学,讲课

✎ 示例:

The courses will give the beginner personal tuition in all types of outdoor photography.该课程将为初学者一对一地讲授各种户外摄影技巧。

277. tumor ['tjuːmə]

n.瘤,肿瘤,肿块

✎ 示例:

Just a few tumor cells in blood are enough to spread cancer to other parts of the body.在血液中,仅少数肿瘤细胞就可以将癌症转移到身体的其它部分。

 

278. underdeveloped [ ˌʌndədɪˈveləpt]

a.(国家、地区等)经济不发达的

✎ 示例:

For underdeveloped countries, improved health and education are urgently needed.对不发达国家来讲,当务之急是改善健康和教育状况。

279. underestimate [ ˌʌndər'estɪmeɪt]

vt.低估

✎ 示例:

Never underestimate the power of a woman.决不能低估女人的能力。

280. unemployed [ ˌʌnɪm'plɔɪd ]

a.失业的,待岗的

✎ 示例:

Her husband is unemployed and the family depends on charity. 她丈夫失业了,全家人靠救济金过日子。

281. upgrade [ʌp'ɡreɪd]vt. ['ʌpɡreɪd]n.

vt.①使(计算机等)升级 ②提高,改善(尤指服务)③给(某人)升职 n.向上的斜坡 

✎ 示例:

She was upgraded to sales director.她被提升为销售部主任。

282. vendor [ˈvendə]

n.①小贩,摊贩 ②(某种产品的)销售公司 ③(房屋等的)卖主

✎ 示例:

Remember, the estate agent is working for the vendor. 记住,房地产代理商是为房地产卖方服务的。

283. versus [ ˈvsɜːs] 

prep.①对抗 ②与……相对

△ versus用于指比赛或诉讼中一方“对”另一方,缩略为v.或vs. 

✎ 示例:

Have you watched the game last night? It was France versus Italy.昨天晚上的比赛你看了吗?是法国队对意大利队。

284. vigor [ 'vɪɡə]

n.活力,精力

✎ 示例:

This is a season of spring, as the youth we have, full of vigor and vitality.这是一个春意盎然的季节,就像我们所拥有的青春一样,充满生机和活力。

285. vocation [vəʊˈkeɪʃn]

n.使命感

✎ 示例:

Trades union leadership in those days was less a career than a vocation.那时候的工会领导与其说是一份职业,倒不如说是一种使命。

286. vulnerable [ 'vʌlnərəbl]

a.①脆弱的 ②易受攻击的

✎ 示例:

People with high blood pressure are especially vulnerable to diabetes.有高血压的人尤其易患糖尿病。

287. ware [weə]

a.留神的,注意的 v.当心,谨防

✎ 示例:

Without proposal, be ware of possibly having no bride on your wedding day. 不求婚,小心结婚当天没有新娘。

288. warfare [wɔːfeə]

n.①战争(状态) ②斗争,冲突

✎ 示例:

The signal is clear: the cyber warfare is no science fiction anymore. 演习发出了一个明显的信号:网络战不再是科幻小说了。

289. warrior ['wɒriə]

n.武士,勇士,斗士

✎ 示例:

Like all boys, I dream of becoming a warrior. 和所有的男孩一样,我梦想着成为一名勇士。

290. wary ['weəri]

a.(对待人或事物时)谨慎的,小心的

✎ 示例:

Let us be honest: We know that some are wary of the future. 请允许我直言不讳:我们知道有些人对未来小心翼翼。

291. watertight ['wɔːtətaɪt]

a.①防水的 ②无懈可击的

✎ 示例:

The police had a watertight case. They even got his fingerprints from that glass cabinet.警方找到了确凿的证据。他们甚至在那个玻璃橱柜上提取到了他的指纹。

292. wilderness [ˈwildənəs]

n.①荒野 ②荒芜的地方

✎ 示例:

He is proud of the garden he made from a wilderness.他为自己从荒地上开辟出的花园而感到自豪。

293. willpower [ 'wɪlpaʊə]

n.意志力

✎ 示例:

They had the drive, determination, and willpower that you have right now.他们有你现在拥有的动力、决心和毅力。

294. workout [ˈwɜːkaʊt]

n.体育锻炼,训练

✎ 示例:

Just one simple workout can ease stress and anxiety.仅仅一种简单的锻炼就可以减轻紧张和焦虑。

295. zoology [zu'ɒlədʒi]

n.动物学

✎ 示例:

It is the branch of zoology that studies the behavior of animals in their natural habitats.它是动物学中研究动物在其自然生活环境中的行为的分支。

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